did the soviets win ww2

As for Soviet POWs, they perished from brutal treatment, starvation, and disease. Much of this aid flowed to the United Kingdom and other nations already at war with Germany and Japan through an … "In Soviet Ukraine, Soviet Belarus, and the Leningrad district, lands where the Stalinist regime had starved and shot some four million people in the previous eight years, German forces managed to starve and shoot even more in half the time," Snyder writes. It was a grand moment, but few of the world's major leaders attended. President Donald Trump claimed last week that the US and Britain had won World War II. Hitler viewed much of what's now Eastern Europe as a site for "lebensraum" -- living space for an expanding German empire and race. While making it plain that the western democracies have no kudos for Soviet leader Stalin, and disapprove of Vladimir Putin’s machination in Ukraine and Crimea, it should still have been possible to acknowledge the mighty Soviet contribution to our victory in World War II. Roosevelt spoke warmly of Stalin as “Uncle Joe.” Churchill kept silent. Indeed, the diversion actually worked in the Germans’ favour since it surprised the Soviets and resulted in the destruction of huge Soviet forces around Kiev. Initially the idea behind the second front was to help the Soviets and liberate Western Europe. Eric MARGOLIS. The Germans correctly estimated that there were about 150 divisions in the western parts of the U.S.S.R. and reckoned that 50 more might be produced. By the time the Allies established themselves in France, they outnumbered degraded German forces by 2:1. Republishing is welcomed with reference to Strategic Culture online journal. This was a shameless lie and distortion of the facts. A startling new study suggests that Germany could have won a key battle in World War II and perhaps changed the outcome of the war if they had made a few small strategic changes. The Axis forces (comprised of German, Italian, Romanian and Hungarian troops) suffered 800,000 casualties, the Soviets more than one million. In only eleven days of blitzkrieg, the once-feared Kwantung Army – Japan’s largest – was crushed. Today, however, we have chosen to forget who really won the war in Europe. necessarily represent those of the Strategic Culture Foundation. May 17, 2020 | Editor's Сhoice. © 2010 - 2020 | Strategic Culture Foundation | Many Americans and Canadians like to believe their nations won the war in Europe and give insufficient recognition to the decisive Soviet role. Operation … Today, seven decades later, we are barraged with films and reports about Germany’s concentration camps while Stalin’s far more extensive and lethal gulag is ignored. The early capture of Moscow would have had an undeniable psychological impact and may have been … Let’s do the numbers. It was fought on the beaches of Normandy and Iwo Jima, through the rubble of recaptured French towns and capped by sepia-toned scenes of joy and young love in New York. Related on WorldViews. Media Fuels Economic War on Nicaragua with False ‘Conflict Beef’ Story, Who The #Resistance Was Actually #Resisting These Last Four Years, Joe Biden Might Have Good Instincts, but His Foreign Policy Team Doesn’t, John Kerry’s Think Tank Calls for War With Russia Over Climate Change, OPCW executives praised whistleblower and criticized Syria cover-up, leaks reveal. The Soviet gulag was grinding up victims well into the 1950’s. (© Alexander Zemlianichenko Jr/AP Images) Even before the United States entered World War II in December 1941, America was sending arms and equipment to the Soviet Union to … The heads of state of India and China will look on, but not many among their Western counterparts. Russian soldiers defend Moscow from Gorky Park during the Second World War, Soviet troops climb out of a trench during the Battle of Stalingrad. The Impact of Lend-Lease (VIDEO) The impact of Western Aid (Lend-Lease) on the … The horrors were compounded by the Nazi invasion. Soviet Ukraine bore the brunt of the war, losing some 5 million soldiers and 6 million civilians – roughly half of total Soviet losses. In the process, 1,710 Russian cities, 70,000 towns and villages, 31,850 factories and 1,974 collective farms were destroyed. It was a victory shaped by the steeliness of Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, the moral fiber of British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and the awesome power of an atomic bomb. The Soviet Union paid the harshest price: though the numbers are not exact, an estimated 26 million Soviet citizens died during World War II, including as many as 11 million soldiers. Ten million of them were Soviet soldiers dead or missing. It allows our most engaged readers to debate the big issues, share their own experiences, discuss real-world solutions, and more. The views of individual contributors do not Britain may have been invaded well before June, 1944. Despite superior military strength, especially in tanks and aircraft, the Soviet Union suffered severe losses and … How the world is still fighting World War II. Yes, Hitler Almost Did Beat Soviet Russia (And Win World War II) Read full article. But the Soviets actually brought up more than 200 fresh divisions by the middle of August, making a total of 360. "The Holocaust overshadows German plans that envisioned even more killing. Five years later, a proxy war between the US and Soviet Union would begin over divided Korea. The tremendous human cost of the battle is difficult to comprehend. Stalin killed far more people than Adolf Hitler, including 6 million Ukrainians liquidated in the early 1930’s and four million Muslims during the war. Independent Premium Comments can be posted by members of our membership scheme, Independent Premium. Russo-Finnish War (November 30, 1939–March 12, 1940), also called the Winter War, war waged by the Soviet Union against Finland at the beginning of World War II, following the conclusion of the German-Soviet Nonaggression Pact (August 23, 1939). At that time, both Roosevelt and Churchill lavished praise and thanks on the Soviet Union, admitting its “gigantic effort” in defeating Hitler’s Germany. The consequence was that, though the Germans succeeded in … You can also choose to be emailed when someone replies to your comment. Russia to unveil state-of-the-art tank. In his memoirs, Eisenhower was appalled by the extent of the carnage: When we flew into Russia, in 1945, I did not see a house standing between the western borders of the country and the area around Moscow. History as Propaganda: Why the USSR Did Not ‘Win’ World War II (II) See Part I While MSM lays the blame on Stalin’s «alliance» with Hitler for starting World War II, it takes the opposite tack in the fighting of the war by ignoring the Soviet role in destroying Nazi Germany. These latter included the pan-European Waffen SS whose largest numbers came from Belgium, Holland, Scandinavia, Italy, Romania, Hungary, Finland and a division from Spain. Please be respectful when making a comment and adhere to our Community Guidelines. They remain angry that their military achievements are ignored by American triumphalists and myth-makers. No one likes to admit it was Stalin who defeated Nazi Germany. The savagery on display was also of a different degree than that experienced farther west. Most likely, the Soviets would have won regardless, as the Eastern Front for the Germans was unwinnable after the Battle of Stalingrad, before most of the aid to the USSR arrived. Continue Reading Below. Hitler Was an Evil Genius. At the very least, Russia’s valiant soldiers deserve a sharp salute from us. But we shouldn't forget how the Soviets won World War II in Europe. But it also threw away Germany's only real chance of outright victory. 'An estimated 26 million Soviet citizens died during World War II, including as many as 11 million soldiers', Find your bookmarks in your Independent Premium section, under my profile. Want an ad-free experience?Subscribe to Independent Premium. Despite ruthlessly eliminating all opposition within the Communist Party, killing and starving millions of Soviets in the 1930s and imprisoning millions more, bungling … Hitler wanted not only to eradicate the Jews; he wanted also to destroy Poland and the Soviet Union as states, exterminate their ruling classes, and kill tens of millions of Slavs," writes historian Timothy Snyder in "Bloodlands: Europe between Hitler and Stalin.". The Soviet Union Defeated Germany in World War II – Not the Western Forces. For Russia's neighbors, it's hard to separate the Soviet triumph from the decades of Cold War domination that followed. The views of individual contributors do not The Red Army accounted for 75-80% of Axis casualties in World War II. When American, British and Canadian troops landed at Normandy in June, 1944, they met Germany forces that had been shattered on the Eastern Front and bled white. Of course, the start of the war had been shaped by a Nazi-Soviet pact to carve up the lands in between their borders. Germany’s advanced ME262 jet fighter that should have swept the skies was grounded because of fuel shortages. World War II veteran Stepan Petukhov, 90, of Russia, sits in a U.S.-made, World War II-era Willys jeep at Gorky Park in Moscow in 2011. That is a reflection of the tense geopolitical present, with Putin's relations with the West having turned frosty after a year of Russian meddling in Ukraine. The epic battles that eventually rolled back the Nazi advance -- the brutal winter siege of Stalingrad, the clash of thousands of armored vehicles at Kursk (the biggest tank battle in history) -- had no parallel on the Western Front, where the Nazis committed fewer military assets. By 1944, both Germany and Japan were crippled by a calamitous lack of fuel. The Soviets had successfully defended their territories and were now pushing their forces towards Berlin. This was a shameless lie and distortion of the facts. The US Navy swept the seas of the Imperial Japanese Navy in a series of brilliant actions that rate among the greatest feats in naval history, but Japan still held large parts of China and Manchuria. Soviet military historians claim their forces destroyed 77,000 enemy planes, 48,000 enemy tanks and armored vehicles. The memory of the war, referred to as the Great Patriotic War, is particularly venerated in Russia. Did the Soviets win WW2 due to US Support? Add 84,000 schools, 43,000 libraries and 65,000 km of railway. Other historians suggest that America’s use of two nuclear weapons against Japan was a hasty effort to make it surrender before the Red Army landed in Japan. Now, they would begin to push the Germans back. Learn more about the Russo-Finnish War in this article. The Red Army was "the main engine of Nazism’s destruction," writes British historian and journalist Max Hastings in "Inferno: The World at War, 1939-1945." Later, Richard Overy responds to this claim By some accounts, 60 percent of Soviet households lost a member of their nuclear family. At least 67,000 German soldiers died in the Normandy operation. The leading Russian military historian Dmitri Volkogonov revealed during the Gorbachev years that Russia’s total losses from 1941-1945 were 26.6 to 27 million dead. Unfairly or not, the current tensions obscure the scale of what's being commemorated: Starting in 1941, the Soviet Union bore the brunt of the Nazi war machine and played perhaps the most important role in the Allies' defeat of Hitler. Want to bookmark your favourite articles and stories to read or reference later? The heroic resistance of the Russian, their enormous sacrifice and suffering, their capacity to inflict grievous losses on the Germans, attest to their contribution to victory. Red Army troops storm a building, and German prisoners, below, during the Battle of Stalingrad, Robert Capa's images of the Second World War, VE Day 70th anniversary: We should never forget - the Soviets won, but few of the world's major leaders attended, Revealed: The forgotten secrets of Stalingrad, Hitler's troops stayed alert during by taking crystal meth, Russia Today: 'If anyone knows real Nazis it’s the Royal Family', Russia's VE day: A spectacular show, but few A-list guests, Russia also has Victory Day – but nobody wants to share it, You may not agree with our views, or other users’, but please respond to them respectfully, Swearing, personal abuse, racism, sexism, homophobia and other discriminatory or inciteful language is not acceptable, Do not impersonate other users or reveal private information about third parties, We reserve the right to delete inappropriate posts and ban offending users without notification. ... and though it did not seem so to the western Allies and their peoples at the time, posterity can see that the Soviets did most of it. Warfare History Network. The number of Soviet deaths was at first grossly distorted – the figure Stalin gave in 1946 was seven million. Most Europeans would rather not think about the matter. Some 1.57 million Red Army troops in 89 divisions, backed by 27,000 guns, 5,500 tanks, and 3721 warplanes stormed south in a giant, 2,500-km long arc from Outer Mongolia to Korea. By April, 1944, Germany still maintained 214 divisions on the Eastern Front facing the advancing Soviet and just 60 divisions (mostly under strength, many only brigades in reality) on the Western Front. He says that between 1933 and 1945 in the "bloodlands" -- the broad sweep of territory on the periphery of the Soviet and Nazi realms -- some 14 million civilians were killed. The answer to question, “did the Soviets really win the war?” is I think obvious. Claimed By: The [Alternate] … As for 1944 & 1945, those years clearly belonged to Stalin. Create a commenting name to join the debate, There are no Independent Premium comments yet - be the first to add your thoughts, There are no comments yet - be the first to add your thoughts. Our journalists will try to respond by joining the threads when they can to create a true meeting of independent Premium. Soviet tank armies raced across desert, mountain ranges and forests in a giant pincer movement that enveloped Japan’s Manchurian-based 600,000-man, 25 division Kwantung Army. Are you sure you want to mark this comment as inappropriate? By one calculation, for every single American soldier killed fighting the Germans, 80 Soviet soldiers died doing the same. Then Hitler turned against the U.S.S.R. But it came at a shocking price. AD Harvey asserts that if we consider the Second World War statistically and geographically, the other Allies' contribution to victory at least rivalled that of the USSR. Please continue to respect all commenters and create constructive debates. But millions of others were also killed, abused, dispossessed of their lands and left to starve. June 20, 2020, 7:29 AM. Most people believed Germany would quickly crush the Soviet Union. In a heartbreaking but little-known statistic of war, 6.7 million German horses were killed on both fronts. In the final battle for Berlin, the USSR lost 80k. Under strength German units could only move at night – when they could find fuel. Everywhere else at that time, the USA lost only 9k. "It was the Western Allies’ extreme good fortune that the Russians, and not themselves, paid almost the entire ‘butcher’s bill’ for [defeating Nazi Germany], accepting 95 per cent of the military casualties of the three major powers of the Grand Alliance," writes Hastings. The impact of Western Aid (Lend-Lease) on the Soviet Union's war effort is a highly debated topic. At the same time, the Germans suffered three-quarters of their wartime losses fighting the Red Army. A lone German soldier hobbles round a waterlogged crater in which are reflected the devastated buildings of Stalingrad. Through this overrun region, Marshal Zhukov told me, so many numbers of women, children and old men had been killed that the Russian Government would never be able to estimate the total. 'Doesn't mind the heat, somewhere in France (Saint-Sauveur- Le-Vicomte)', 16 June 1944, Robert Capa © ICP/Magnum photos, courtesy Daniel Blau gallery, 'Lovers parting near Nicosia, Sicily', 28 July 1943, 'Conquered town in Cefalu, Sicily', 26 July 1943, 'American troops approaching Cherbourg, France', 26 June 1944. Start your Independent Premium subscription today. Under strength German units had almost no gasoline and were low on ammunition, tanks and artillery. More than 16,000 troops participated, as well 140 aircraft and 190 armored vehicles, including the debut of Russia's brand new next-generation tank. Equally important, the Allies had absolute air superiority over the Western European battlefields. The existing Open Comments threads will continue to exist for those who do not subscribe to Independent Premium. During World War II, the United States began to provide significant military supplies and other assistance to the Allies in September 1940, even though the United States did not enter the war until December 1941. This included the wholesale massacre of millions of European Jews, the majority of whom lived outside Germany's pre-war borders to the east. You can find our Community Guidelines in full here. During 1941, 3.3 million Red Army soldiers were captured; by February 1942, roughly 2 million of them were dead. The Battle of Kursk had given the Soviets the will and initiative to push back the Wehrmacht and Hitler, despite his early victories, couldn’t muster the strength to make a comeback. Statistic of War, is particularly venerated in Russia respectful when making a of! 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